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Source Textbook (Cited as Textbook):
Upshur, Terry, Holoka, Goff, Cassar.  Volume I Wrold History Before 1600: The Developement of Early Civilization U.S. Wadsworth Group 2002

Source Website (Cited as pothos):
William-Powlett, Thomas "Alexander the Great's Home on the Web"  March 12, 2003

Source Webiste (Cited as Washburn):
University, Washburn  "Classical/Medieval"  March 12, 2003

Source Website (Cited as Library):
N. Brundige, Ellen  "The Library of Alexandria"  March 12, 2003

Source Website (Cited as Essene):
Essene Nazarean Church of Mount Carmel "Alexander the Great"  March 12, 2003

Source Website (Cited as RHSU):
Pinkerton, JC  "The empire of Alexander the Great"  March 12, 2003

Source Website (Cited as Hos-McGrane):
L.C. Swanson  "Ancient Greece Cultural Achievements"  (August 17, 1997)  March 12, 2003

G. Cawkwell, Introduction to the Anabasis of Xenophon, New York, 1986.

T.A. Dodge, Alexander, New York, 1996 (originally published 1890).

J.F.C. Fuller, The Generalship of Alexander the Great, New York, 1960. .

N. Sekunda & J. Warry, Alexander the Great; His Armies and Campaigns 334-323 BC, London, 1998.

J. Warry, Warfare in the Classical World, London, 1980.