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Alexander pioneered methods for ruling. Just as he was swift to alter plans in battle, Alexander did so with political methods for different regions. In conquered cities, Alexander at first had the ruler be a Macedonian. He then changed it so that the ruler was Persian and the Greeks and Macedonians were in charge of the financial and military affairs.

Politically, Alexander was considered differently in different regions. In Macedonia he was a quasi-constitutional king. Under him, people had certain customary rights. In Greece he was a god but not an autocrat. To the Iranian landowners, he was a feudal superior. In Asia he was considered an autocrat but not a god. In Egypt he was both a god and an autocrat. He was considered a god there because he was Pharaoh. He became the Pharaoh on November 14, 332 B.C. in Memphis.