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"Alexander the Great," March 16, 2003,

“Antigonus II”,  The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, March 11, 2003,, Alexandercities

“Basic information, Alexander’s Cities and Empire”, March 6, 2003,, Antigonus

Barnett, David, "The Story of Hanuka," March 13, 2003,

“Cities, All About Alexander,” March 10, 2003,, Allaboutalexander

Cook, S.A., Litt. D., and others, The Cambridge Ancient History Volume VII The Hellenistic Monarchies and the Rise of Rome, Cambridge England, The Macmillian Company, 1928 Cambridgevol7

Philippidis, Adam D, The House of Ptolemy, Discovery Channel School, March 16, 2003,

“The Ptolemaic Period, Egypt,” 1up info, March 10, 2003,, ptolemaicperiod

Spek, Bert van der, “The Seleucid Dynasty,” Lendering, March 10, 2003,

Upshur, Jiu-Hwa and others, World History Vol. I, Belmont CA, Wadsworth, Thomas Learning, 2002