The Han Dynasty is one of the more successful
dynasties of China. The early Han government was centered around Chang'an.
However, it was found to be more convinient to give power to city rulers
instead of just giving power to the emperor. A centralized government had
brought the Han Dynasty many gift. Some of these gifts are growing population,
increased wealth, and political institutions. The centralized government
helpe the Han Dynasty in many ways. These changes took the Han rulers by surprise
though. Though they were seen as good things, since the rulers could not
able to adjust to these things, these gifts became bad things. The Han government
was different from the government of the previous Qin government that had
used the Legalist school of thought for government. The Han government used
the Confucian school of thought instead. Confucianism was the preferred school
of thought by most Han emperors in matters of ethics, politics, and religion.
The Han Dynasty used a very sophisticated way of choosing their government
officials. They used civil service examinations. The civil service examination
was instituted by Emperor Wu Di. The civil service examinations were exams
thatr tested the potential officials in the Confucian classics. The way these
candidates for the examination were chosen was that they were elected by
senior officials. However, the best candidates were not always chosen. Many
times the senior officials would choose someone from their own family or
someone form the family of a friend. This made it alot easier for the illegitimate
candidates. The people that had been legitamately chosen were more successful.
The canidiates were supposed to be people that were well educated and had