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The Mauryan Empire

Success of Empire Due to Man Power and Resources

        The Mauryan Empire was very succesful, and many things contributed to the success of the empire. Inida had an array of important major porducts that were used for trade with other countries. These resources included cloth, timber, ivory, spices, tortoiseshell, and semiprecious stones. There were three ways that these precious resources were transported. The land routes across India connected almost every main town or city. They connected towns such as Produca, Tyndis and Karoura in Southern India. The land routes also connected India with Persia and Rome, China and also the Silk Road. The Silk Road , which was connected to India by a land route, helped the Mauryans exchange their resources for Chineese resources, which included bronze, lacquerware, fur, and , of course, silk. Finally, the sea routes, which are on the coasts of India, helped the Mauryans to trade with Arabia, East Africa, Southeast Asia and China. Many land routes strechted along the Inidan coast, therefore increasing sea travel and trade.
        Farming was very important in the success of the Mauryan Empire. Most people were farmers, and lived in simple thatch houses that were located in villages or towns. The land was eirther distrubuted by the government or privately owned. The owner of the farms could own slaves, but slavery was not a large scale industry. These slaves usually came from Arabia or East Africa, and were traded through the northwestern sea routes of India. These farmers paid taxes to the governement, which usually consisted of 1/6 of the haervest. Artisans were middle class citizens and were important in cities and villages.
    Other people contributed as government officials. The Mauryan Empire had a highly efficient government that included groups such as the council of thirty, tax collectors, and many other positions. Many also worked as public servants who helped build the public works projects. The builders of Asokan pillars, or stupas , were thought to be Hellenistic artists, and were paid highly for their work. Taxes were responisible for the success of an empire. The money from each tax collection in each province was brought straight to the treasury in Pataliputra, which was said to be a beautiful place. This treasury was used to pay soldiers and the upkeep of the army. Their was said to be a vast army of 600,00 men, thousands of elephants, a navy and war implements. These were all paid for by the treasury, as were punlic works projects such as the stupas and the large wall and 570 towers that gaurded Pataliputra. These are some of  the major ways that the men of the Mauryan Empire contributed to their country.