TERRITORY AND POPULATION
The Mauryan empire
was first expanded by King Chandragupta, the first ruler of the Mauryans.
He conquered the Magadha people in a campaign to increase his territory.
Following Chandragupta's rule, the Mauryan territory remained more
or less fixed. King Ashoka did wage war during the beginning of his
reign, conquering the Kalinga people, his southern neighbor. According
to one of the stone edicts, when Ashoka conquer Kalinga, he took 150,000 prisoners,
killed another 100,000, and injured countless others. Ashoka was horrified
by the death and destruction he had caused. Ergo, he converted to Buddhism
and embraced pacifism, bringing about a cessation to the expansion of the
Mauryan empire. The Magadha and Kalinga people remained part of the
Mauryan civilization, as did their respective territories.
Chandragupta Maurya made a much greater
contribution to the Mauryan empire than Ashoka did as far as land is concerned.
Chandragupta's conquered territories are shown in the map below, highlighted
Ashoka's addition to the empire is shown in the
same fashion on the map below:
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