Collegiality is idea that every office is held by at least two men,
this happens in every part of the Executive Branch, with the exception of
dictatorship. All members of a college were of equal rank and could veto
acts of other members; higher magistrates could veto acts of lower magistrates.
With the exception of a dictatorship, whic lasted six months, and a censorship,
which lasted eightteen months, each member's term was limited to only one
There were two consuls, they were the chief of civil and militaristic
The praetors consisted of two to eight members. Their main jobs were to
(a) command the military, and (b) to administrate the civil law in Rome.
This college consisted of two plebians, the common people. They were
in charge of religious festivals,
public games, temples, upkeep of city, regulation of marketplaces, grain
The quaestors consisted of two to forty financial officers and administrative
assitants. They were in charge of the State Treasury in Rome
and were known as "second in command."
This college consisted of two to ten
members. They were in charge of protecting the lives and the properties
of the plebians. They had power of veto over elections, laws, decisions
of the senate, and acts done by all other magistrates (except the dictator).
There were two censors. They were elected every five years to collect
census, enroll new citizens, and review the roll of the senate. They controlled
public morals and supervised the leasing of public contracts. They ranked
below the Praetors and above the Aediles.
There was only one dictator and he was appointed by the consul in times
of military need. He appointed a Master of Horse to lead the calvary. Their
term only lasted six months.
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