The Roman Citizen
Every male citizen had rights (iura) and responsibilities
(munera), but the women had much less responsibility. A male citizen
had voting rights and could also run for office depending on his ability.
Along with being able to run for office and vote, a citizen also had the
protections of Roman traditions, could form contracts, and be married legally.
A male citizen had respnsibilty though, along with these rights. His
primary munera or respnsibility was to serve in the military. But
this was not the only responsibility, the others included taxes and larger
obligations to the community including building roads and other structures.
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As I said before, women did not have as many rights as men did, but there
were independent women who paid their own taxes and handled their own affairs.
Cicero's wife, Terentia, was much more successful at handling their estates
than Cicero was. Cicero told her to stop acting more important than
him and they divorced when she would not.