TEMPLE of JERUSALEM
David conquered Jerusalem in approximately 1004 BCE and
made it a center of government. He brought the Ark of the Covenant to the
city, and Jerusalem became the political and spiritual nexus of the Jewish
people. David refrained from building the Temple, leaving the task to his
son Solomon. The concentration of religious ritual at the Temple made Jerusalem
a place of pilgrimage and an important commercial center.
Built: 516 BCE. Destroyed in the Jewish revolt against Rome in 70 CE.
This reproduction is based on the dimensions of Solomon's Temple discussed
in the Torah. It depicts the Main Hall of the Temple (Hechal) which contains
the Holy of the Hollies. The incense sacrifices were brought up daily by
the Kohanim (Priests) in the Hechal. The Ark and tablets were in this building
in the area called the Holy of Hollies, that was entered once a year by
the High Priests on Yom Kippur.
The hope to return to Jerusalem and to rebuild the Temple has been a dream
of the Jewish people for the last two thousand years.
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