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After Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon, he immediately seized power over all provinces which Babylon possessed. On of these provinces happened to be Judea. The Babylonians, after taking over Judea, forced the Jews to return to Babylon with them and be the slaves of the Babylonians. Cyrus, being always courteous to the people he conquered, graciously allowed the Jews to return to Judea, their holy land. This is yet another example of Cyrus' honor and respect for those he defeats.
The Jews refereed to Cyrus the Great as "The Lord anointed".