Anointed as King
The Life of King David
Goliath: 1049 b.c.e.
- Bethlehem, Judah
- Son of Jesse, descendant
- At age 17, David
was summoned by King Saul to come to the battle feild and play music. At
the time, the Israelites were fighting the Philistines. One obnoxious
Philistine soldier, Goliath taunted the soldiers of Israel and dared for
them to send their strongest soldier to fight in one-on-one combat. Goliath
was 10.5 feet and therefore without delay, exposed the offer. When
David heard the insults he took great offense and felt the need to do something.
He willingly went into battle with his sling, pepples, and his staff.
Goliath laughed at the offer and mocked the very small David. As
Goliath Approached, David reached for a stone and slung it at Goliath's head.
When he fell David cut off the head of Goliath with Goliath's sword.
This voctory was one of David's first moves toward fame.
Events During Kingship
- Early in life, the prophet Samuel anoineted David to be king
of Jerusalem when Saul died. At first, David was in favor of
Saul and was a soldier and musician in his army. Yet as he bacame older,
Saul conspried against David through Jeolousy. David and others against
Saul fled to the Philistines; they hid in Caves by the Dead Sea, such as
En-Gedi. David once was goven a chance to kill Saul and take the thrown
but he refused because of his strong character. Finally Saul passed
away in battle and David became the king of Judah. Soon enough, all
the other tribes accepted David and he was king over the whole nation.
- On the East bank of Jordan, David fought against the neighbors
of Israel. These defensive wars ended in the establichment of the
new Davidic empire which eventually spanned from both sides of the Jordan
to the Mediterranean. In these wars, David
defeated the Moabites, the Edomites, the Ammonites and the Arameans.
The enforced justice in this new empire was greatly structured around
that of the Egyptians and the Caanaites. Enforced taxes over the new
vast empire, this was the taxation structure later followed by David's son
Declaring Proper Son Kingship
- When David was growing old and falling sick, Adonijah, David's
eldest son, declared the kingdom of Jerusalem. David halted this action
because he had told Bathsheba, on of his wives, that her son Solomon would
become king. David announced this publicly. Adonijah ran to
an alter to repent for his sin but Solomon saw him there and pardoned.