Alexander the Great
and the Hellenistic Empires
By: Keith McCalla, Matt Fieger, Mike Kiotis, and
Alexander III (356-323 BC), or Alexander the Great was
Macedonian king and son of Philip II of Macedon and an Epirote princess named
Olympias. Alexander was tutored by Aristotle in science and the political
arts, and he received a complete education in military tactics and strategy
from the great Macedonian generals, Antipater and Parmenion. He had his first
diplomatic experience while he was still a child, when he received the ambassadors
of Persia during his father's absence. At the age of eighteen he led the
Macedonian cavalry in a victorious charge which won the Battle of Chaeronea
in 338 BC.
Alexander's empire quickly fell apart after his death due to possibly
malaria. There arose several Greco-Macedonian kingdoms across the East. There
was the Ptolematic East, the Seludic Empire, and the Greek Bactria.
Alexander's officers and the ordinary soldiers were in dispute over what
to do for the heir of Alexander's empire. Alexander's officers thought they
should wait for Roxanne's baby. If it was a boy, he would rule when he was
old enough. The ordinary soldiers, on the other hand, wanted to give the
throne to Alexander's half-brother. They finally agreed to let Roxanne's child
and Alexander's half-brother have a joint rule.
An in-depth look at the Hellenistic
People of the Empire and Resources